The three major Credit Bureaus: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion, all work off of a similar scoring system. This system is based on a singular postulation: will you become 90 days late in the next 2 years? The scoring system they all use, (with minute variables) can be broken down into 5 categories; or 5 pieces of a pie. I will discuss the first part of that credit pie today.
Your payment history is the largest aspect of your credit score, as you might expect. In total, your pay history accounts for 35% of your total score. This portion of your total score calculation is based on your prior payment history with your creditors. Late payments, defaulted accounts, bankruptcies, and all other NEGATIVE information on your credit report have the greatest effect. The more recent the late payment, the greater the damage is to your credit score. If you go late on your mortgage this month, the Mortgage Industry Option scoring model could drop your scores over 120 points. That is with only one 30 day late payment!
As I stated before, the scoring model is based on your potential to go 90 days late on an account within the next 2 years. ANY recent late payments are a BIG reflection that you will default, and your credit score plummets as a result. Your creditor cannot report you late unless you are 30 days late. BUT, they will claim they need 10 days to process your payment also. So don’t think just because you mailed your payment on the 25th day that they will not report you late. All together, your entire history of payment counts for 35% of your total scores. The more positive accounts you have and the less negative means a MUCH higher credit score. Simply put, to enjoy good credit, pay your bills on time.